Phillip A. Sharp
1993 Mendel Medal Recipient
Dr. Phillip A. Sharp is currently Salvador E Lauria
Professor and Head of the Department of Biology at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a position he
assumed on July 1, 1991. He joined the Center for
Cancer Research and Department of Biology at MIT in 1974,
becoming Associate Director in 1982 and Director in 1985.
Dr. Sharp obtained a B.A. in chemistry and mathematics
from Union College, Kentucky, and a Ph.D. in chemistry
from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. During
his post-doctoral fellowship at California Institute of
Technology, he studied the molecular biology of plasmids
from bacteria in Professor Norman Davidson's laboratory.
In 1971, Dr. Sharp moved to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
to begin studies on the molecular biology of animal viruses
and mammalian cells. His interests have centered on the
molecular biology of tumor viruses and the mechanisms of
RNA splicing. Dr. Sharp's most noted achievement was
the discovery of RNA splicing in 1977.
Dr. Sharp is the recipient of numerous awards.
In 1980 he received both the Eli Lilly Award in molecular
biology and the U.S. Steel Award from the National Academy
of Sciences. He was elected to the National Academy of
Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in
1983 and elected Associate Member of the European Molecular
Biology Organization in 1989. In 1986, he received the
Gairdner Foundation International Award, was nominated
Councilor of NAS, and, the following year, was elected
Fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of
Sciences. In 1991, he was elected member of the American
Philosophical Society and member of the Institute of
Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.
Among Dr. Sharp's other awards are the John D.
MacArthur Professorship (1987-1992), the first Salvador
E. Lauria Professorship (1992- ), the New York Academy
of Sciences Award in Biological and Medical Sciences,
the General Motors Research Foundation Alfred P. Sloan,
Jr. Prize for Cancer Research, the 1988 Louisa Gross
Horwitz Prize, the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research
Award and the 1990 Dickson Prize from the University of
Pittsburgh. He has served on numerous committees and
professional societies and on the editorial boards of the
Journal of Virology and Molecular Cell Biology. He
currently serves on the editorial board of Cell.
Dr. Sharp has over 240 career publications in
peer reviewed scientific journals and periodicals as
well as numerous book chapters in edited works. He has
held lectureships at various universities and continues to
teach at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He
is also co-founder and Chairman of the Scientific Board
of Biogen, Inc., and a member of its Board of Directors.
Mendel Medal Presentation Program, January 23, 1993.
Villanova University, Villanova, Pennsylvania.
Sharp, Philip Allen, biologist, educator; b. Ky., June 6, 1944;
Joseph Walter and Katherin (Colvin) S.; m. Ann Christine Holcombe, Aug.
29, 1964; children: Christine Alynn, Sarah Katherin, Helena Holcombe. BA.
Union Coll., Barbourville, Ky., 1966, LHD (hon.), 1991; PhD, U. Ill., 1964,
DSc (hon.), U. Ky., 1994, Bowdoin Coll., 1995, U. Tel Aviv, Israel, 1996,
Albright Coll., 1996; hon. degree, U. Glasgow, 1998, U. Uppsala, 1999,
Thomas Moore Coll., 1999. NIH postdoctoral fellow Calif. Inst. Tech.
1969-71; sr. research investigator Cold Spring Harbor (N.Y.) Lab., 1972-74,
assoc. prof. MIT, Cambridge, 1974-79, prof. biology, 1979-99, Inst. prof.
1999--, head dept. biology, 1991-99, dir. Ctr. Cancer Rsch., 1985-91;
co-founder, mem. sci. bd., dir. BIOGEN, 1978--, chmn. sci. bd., 1987--; mem
Pres. Adv. Coun. on Sci. and Tech., 1991-97; trustee Alfred P. Sloan
Found., 1995--; mem. presdl. appt. Nat. Cancer Adv. Bd., NIH, 1996--;
chmn. GM Cancer Rsch. Found. Awards Assembly, 1994--; mem. sci. bd.
Ludwig Inst., 1998--; founding dir. McGovern Inst. for Brain Rsch.,
2000--. Mem. editl. bd. Cell, 1974-95, Jour. Virology, 1974-86, Molecular
and Cellular Biology, 1974-85, RNA, 1995--. Co-recipient Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine, 1993; recipient awards Am. Cancer Soc., 1974-79,
awards Eli Lilly, 1980, awards Nat. Acad. Sci./U.S. Steel Found., 1980,
Howard Ricketts award U. Chgo., 1985, Alfred P. Sloan Jr. prize Gen.
Motors Research Found., 1986, award Gairdner Found. Internat., 1986,
award N.Y. Acad. Scis., 1986, Louisa Horwitz prize, 1988, Albert Lasker
Basic Med. Rsch. award, 1988, Dickson prize U. Pitts., 1990, Benjamin
Franklin medal Am. Philos. Soc., 1999; awarded Class of '41 chair, 1986-87,
John D. MacArthur chair, 1987-92, Salvador E. Luria chair, 1992-99,
Benjamin Franklin medal, 1999. Fellow AAAS; mem. Am. Chem. Soc., Am.
Soc. Microbiology, NAS (councilor 1986), Am. Acad. Arts and Scis,
European Molecular Biology Orgn. (assoc.), Am. Soc. Biochemistry and
Molecular Biology (elected mem. coun.), Am. Philos. Soc. (elected mem.),
Inst. of Medicine of NAS (elected mem.) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Home:
36 Fairmont Ave Newton MA 02458-2506. Office: MIT Ctr. for Cancer Rsch.
40 Ames St. Rm. E17529B Cambridge, MA 02142-1308
Who's Who in America, 2002, 56th edition.
New Providence, New Jersey.
Marquis Who's Who, 2001, p. 4804-4805.
Autobiography of Phillip A. Sharp
Philip A. Sharp Winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize in Medicine. Physiology on Medicine